PENguin is an application for children to automate pen handling in a playful way.
In recent years it has been observed that fine motor and graphomotor skills of preschool and elementary school children have continuously decreased. This can subsequently lead to adverse effects such as learning difficulties, psychosocial stress, posture problems, or chronic headaches [1, 2].
Traditional methods of improving graphomotor skills include graphomotor exercises for handling pens. However, traditional methods are mostly perceived as monotonous and boring by those affected compared to game-based approaches [3, 4].
Figure 1 - Title Scene of PENguin | Copyright: Erwin Cetl, Tim Manhalter, Krista Wonka, Maximilian Berghammer and Erik-Gernot Sommer
Therefore, as part of the Master´s degree program, Digital Healthcare at the St Pölten University of Applied Sciences, and in cooperation with STABILO International GmbH the interactive software PENguin (Figure 1) was developed to perform graphomotor movements with the STABILO ErgoPen in a playful way (Figure 2).
Figure 2 - Performing graphomotor exercises to control the game | Copyright: Erwin Cetl, Tim Manhalter, Krista Wonka, Maximilian Berghammer and Erik-Gernot Sommer
For this purpose, the user utilizes a special pen (Figure 3), which is equipped with numerous sensors to convert manual movements of the hand into digital signals to control the game wirelessly .
By executing three different graphomotor exercises (Figure 4) with the ErgoPen, a PENguin is controlled within the application in almost real-time to either move forward or backward, jump, or interact with the game environment.
Figure 3 and 4 - STABILO ErgoPen | Copyright: Erwin Cetl, Tim Manhalter, Krista Wonka, Maximilian Berghammer and Erik-Gernot Sommer
 „STEP 2019“, www.schreibmotorik-institut.com
 C. Marquardt et al., Trends in Neuroscience and Education, 5, 3, 82–89, (2016)
 A. K. H. Lai et al., BMC Med Educ, 20, 1, 263, (2020)
 F. A. Felipe et al., Physiotherapy, 106, 194–210, (2020)
 STABILO® International GmbH,
This project is one of 25 future ideas that were selected as part of the 25th anniversary of the FH: